On April 19, at the “Future of 5G” sub-forum of the 2021 Boao Forum for Asia Annual Conference, Yang Jie, chairman of China Mobile, Hu Houkun, chairman of Huawei’s rotating chairman, and Li Zixue, chairman of ZTE, participated in discussions on the development and application of 5G. . The managers of the three communication giants all believe that the development of 5G is currently in the stage of shifting gears and speeding up.
Hu Houkun said: “From the second half of 2019 to the end of 2020, 5G applications have gone through a critical breakthrough period from 0 to 1. Starting this year, it will turn to the stage from 1 to N. Last year, Huawei cooperated with major operators. There are already thousands of 5G industry application projects, 5G has just been put into gear and is accelerating, I think this statement is very appropriate.”
● Our reporter Yang Jie
The world’s largest 5G network has been built
At a briefing held by the State Council Information Office on April 19, Liu Liehong, Vice Minister of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, introduced that my country has initially built the world’s largest 5G mobile network. As of the end of February 2021, a total of 792,000 5G base stations have been built, and the number of 5G mobile terminal connections has reached 260 million. The end-to-end user experience rate of fixed broadband and mobile networks has increased by about 7 times compared with five years ago. It is estimated that 5G mobile phone shipments will account for about 80% in the second half of the year.
According to the survey results from the China Academy of Information and Communications Technology, the total economic output directly driven by 5G in 2020 may exceed 800 billion yuan. Yang Jie’s analysis believes that half of them belong to 5G terminals, that is, the contribution of 5G mobile phones. The scale of about 200 billion yuan comes from the operator’s 5G network construction investment, and less than 200 billion yuan is 5G information services.
“At present, mobile phones are the major users of 5G applications. With the continuous development of 5G, the major users of 5G applications in the future, or the ones that can drive a larger share of the economic scale, will be 5G information service applications, and 5G applications in the industrial field will occupy more and more A large proportion.” Yang Jie said.
Hu Houkun said, “5G has opened up two tracks, one for consumers and the other for thousands of industries. China has begun to actively promote 5G applications in ports, mining, medical, manufacturing and other industries.”
Develop standards to create replicable capabilities
The three communication enterprise managers are familiar with the value of 5G application in the industrial field.
According to Yang Jie, China Mobile and Huawei have provided 5G solutions for Shanxi Yangmei Group, the largest anthracite coal production base in my country. The 5G network has been deployed to mines below 500 meters, enabling unmanned operation of underground shearers and monitoring of dangerous scenarios. Carry out inspections and monitoring in a timely manner. “The input-output ratio is very high, and one underground operation face can reduce 20 people, saving tens of millions of yuan in investment every year.”
Li Zixue listed the application cases of 5G in metal smelting scenarios. In 2020, China Mobile, ZTE and other companies will cooperate with Yunnan Shenhuo Aluminum, the largest electrolytic aluminum manufacturer in Southwest China, to build a 5G+MEC (edge computing) smart factory. “The electrolytic cell is the core production line of the aluminum electrolysis industry. It has been plagued by two problems for many years: high power consumption and high safety hazards. Through analysis of power consumption parameters and refined management, Shenhuo Aluminum has saved 100 degrees per ton of aluminum produced. Electricity. If full production capacity is scheduled, 90 million kilowatt-hours of electricity can be saved a year.” Li Zixue said.
“Let all walks of life make full use of the technical capabilities of 5G and give full play to the value of 5G.” Hu Houkun said, “The premise is that the technology and the industry match. To achieve replication from 1 to N, industry standards need to be formulated. For example, 5G port equipment It is estimated that the project will be approved this year, and the official standard is expected to be launched by the end of the year. With the standard, the industry application of 5G ports will have the conditions for large-scale replication.”
Hu Houkun believes that the application of 5G in the manufacturing field is a long-tail market and does not require “killer” applications, but requires industry companies and operators to establish new cooperative relationships, refine and summarize, form standards, and become modules, and vice versa. Discover many new needs.
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